Research papers on packaging design

Or it might be a sealed bag that acts to preserve freshness. Choosing between a box and a bottle may sometimes be a no-brainer. Here are a couple of things you need to think about when selecting the right type of packaging for your product:. But you should think about it way before you get to that stage! What do you want that to be? Pick the one absolute most important thing you want customers to know about your product.

That should be the centerpiece of your design. Consider asking them:. Their answers to these questions will help you determine if the packaging is communicating what you want it to. You probably need:.

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Adobe Illustrator AI file — Adobe Illustrator is a design program used to create vector images which you will need for printing. Files created in this program have a. You will need Adobe Illustrator to open these files. Your printer will.

Editorial for Journal of Packaging Technology and Research

They have machine-readable data on them that stores information about the product, including price. You may wish to apply for these before you get your packaging designed. Bleed — In printing, you use a bleed when your design goes to the edge of your paper or box, or wrapper. Canister — A round or cylindrical container, typically made of metal, and used for storing things like food and chemicals. CMYK — Stands for cyan blue , magenta red , yellow and key black. These are the four colors used in printing. Each color has a CYMK code that a printer will use to help color match between your design and the finished package.

Designers and printers use them to create the proper layout for a package. EPS — Stands for encapsulated postscript. This is a file extension for vector-based images.


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They can generally only be opened in specialized graphic design programs. Digital printing — A modern printing method wherein information about the file is sent to a printer digitally and each piece of packaging is run individually through that printer. Digital printing is great for small-runs and short turn around times. Offset printing — A printing technique wherein plates of your design are created in four colors CMYK.

These plates are then run through a large, industrial printer. Offset printing has high setup costs i. The PMS is a catalogue of standardized printing colors. Each color has an assigned number and can be reproduced nearly identically by any printer. PDF — Stands for portable document format. PDFs can be opened on nearly any computer.

The Basics of Packaging Research

Raster file type — Raster images are made up of thousands of tiny dots pixels. As such, they are difficult to resize. RGB — Stands for red, green and blue, the three primary colors that can be combined to create all other colors in light, and therefore on digital screens. Vector file type — Vector images are made up of lines. As such, they are easy to resize. Ready to get started on your product packaging? Here are some great companies we have worked with and highly recommend. Designers, check out these contests so you can start building your career. Get a design. Contents: Check your inbox.

We've just sent you your free packaging design ebook. Want to learn how to create the perfect packaging for your brand? Get the free packaging design ebook! Enter your email to get the ebook, along with creative tips, trends, resources and the occasional promo which you can opt-out of anytime.

Looks like something went wrong. Get the ebook! Square box design by tequillica. Non-square box design by Zoe Shtorm for Jphepp. Bottle design by Emir Alicic. Tube design by Sasha for edmundob. Label design by Nebel. Packet design by gregdo. Cup design by exsenz for gracian.

Paper and Cardboard Food Packaging

The sessions were conducted in individual sensory testing booths. The tablets were used to present the packaging concepts and the questions for the consumers. Participants were asked to sit in individual sensory booths with uniform white lighting conditions. Consumers participated in three different tests under the same session.

The tests were the 1 blind, 2 packaging, and 3 informed conditions. The three conditions were tested in the same order for each consumer since they were expected to taste the chocolate first without any extrinsic information, and then observe the packaging designs to evaluate just the packaging, and finally taste the chocolate provided with the packaging to evaluate the combined effect of the chocolate and packaging.


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The total duration of the session was 20—30 minutes. The sample was provided in an unlabeled transparent cup unbranded product under white lights. Only one sample was provided to the consumers for the blind condition.

Package Design Critique Part 1 - Young Guns Episode 5

Consumers were asked to cleanse their palate with water and unsalted crackers after tasting the sample. After completing the blind test, the next test packaging condition started after 5 minutes in the same booth.

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Emotion-based terms provided to the consumers during the evaluation of the packaging designs sing the Check-all-that-apply CATA methodology. After the packaging condition, within a 5-minute interval, consumers were directed to another sensory booth in the same laboratory for the informed condition.

Effect of packaging on taste was tested by presenting the same chocolate in six different packaging designs Fig. The consumers were handed over the product one at a time, not making them aware that they were receiving the same sample. This was ensured at the end of the experiment by interviewing the panelists about their experiences during the sensory session. All participants reported that they were not aware that the chocolate products were the same. The samples provided in packaging condition and informed condition were not randomized, as it would be more complex in trying to let the consumer experience the package only packaging condition with the package and taste informed condition and letting them compare these conditions.

Correlation matrix showing the relationship between liking towards the taste vs. During the informed condition test, participants were provided with a piece of chocolate together with the wrapped product using the six concept designs; Fig. Consumers were informed that the piece of chocolate belonged to that specific packaging. They were asked to taste the chocolate and check all the emotion-based terms CATA , which comes into their mind during tasting of the product. Crackers and water were used to cleanse the palate between each sample.

The WTP obtained was used to attain correlations with liking towards packaging and liking towards taste. For all conditions, the liking response point scale was analyzed using ANOVA accounting for subject variation. Then, inferences on the pairwise comparisons between the packages were considered. A t-test was conducted to identify significant differences between the packaging and informed conditions.

Multiple regression analysis was used to obtain predictions of the liking towards packaging and taste scores from the packaging and informed conditions using the emotion-based words as predictors. A forward selection stepwise procedure was used to obtain a model in each case. Emotion terms that were not used at all for a given condition were not considered as potential predictors.