Essay on alcohol and drug abuse

Alcohol is highly toxic to almost every organ in the body but when alcohol is taken in allowed limits amounts it is detoxified by the liver and therefore does little or no harm to the body. Alcoholic drinks contain ethyl alcohol and it is metabolized in the body to acetaldehyde. Both ethanol and acetaldehyde interfere with normal functioning of organs in the body including the heart and the liver and therefore if the liver and the heart get damaged disease occur which may eventually kill, teenagers maybe more prone to this effects in the youth as their organs are still developing thus toxic substances from alcohol damage their body organs.

When people drink too much, with time they risk becoming addicted to alcohol. This is called alcoholism, or alcohol dependence.

Alcohol and drug abuse

It's a disease, and it can happen at any age, Common signs include, loss of control not being able to stop or cut down drinking, not feeling well after heavy drinking upset stomach, sweating, shakiness, or nervousness , neglecting activities giving up or cutting back on other activities. Binge drinking happens when someone drinks more than four for women or five for men alcoholic drinks in about two hours, with the intention to getting drunk. Binge drinking is the most harmful type of drinking.

It usually happens at teen or student parties TOBACCO The dangers of smoking are so great, but because of it governments get a lot of tax money from tobacco and cigarettes manufacturers, they are less hesitant to ban it totally. Government and society is aware of the danger that is why they made it illegal for teens to possess and use cigarettes.

Smoking causes surges in the concentrations of catecholamine's the stimulator chemical messengers of the autonomic nervous system as well as increases in carbon monoxide in the blood. Both of these short- term effects can exacerbate existing heart disease, resulting, for instance, in attacks of angina chest pain. Nicotine raises blood pressure and heart rate, requiring the heart to work harder. It also constricts the coronary arteries, thereby lessening the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle.

It also promotes irregular heartbeats cardiac arrhythmias. Smokers are not the only people harmed by tobacco.

Toxic fumes from cigarettes pose a health threat to all those around smoker's family, friends, and. Because the organic material in tobacco does not burn completely, smoke contains many toxic chemicals, including carbon monoxide, nicotine, and tar. As a result of this exposure, smokers' children have more colds and flu, and they are more likely to take up smoking themselves when they grow up.

Smokers also affect other people as well e. This is the involuntary inhaling of smoke from other people cigarettes and we all suffer when we have people smoking around us.

Essay-Alcohol Addiction in Aboriginal People - Supha's Portfolio

Use of cocaine has increased among youth over the years, along with the myth that the drug is relatively safe, especially when it is sniffed rather than injected or smoked as 'crack. It can disturb the heart's rhythm and cause chest pain, heart attacks, and even sudden death. These effects on the heart can cause death even in the absence of any seizures.

Even in the absence of underlying heart disease, a single use of only a small amount of the drug has been known to be fatal. Cocaine use is not healthful for anyone, but especially for certain groups like the youth. Although the drug has been shown to impair the function of normal hearts, it seems even more likely to cause death in people with any underlying heart disease.

When pregnant women use cocaine, they not only raise the likelihood of having a miscarriage, a premature delivery, or a low-birth-weight baby, but also of having a baby with a congenital heart abnormality, especially an atrial-septal or ventricular-septal defect. Use of cocaine raises blood pressure, constricts blood vessels, and speeds up heart rate. It may also make blood cells called platelets more likely to clump and form the blood clots that provoke many heart attacks.

In addition, cocaine's effects on the nervous system disrupt the normal rhythm of the heart, causing arrhythmias irregular heartbeats. Recently, scientists have established that cocaine binds directly to heart muscle cells, slowing the passage of sodium ions into the cells. Cocaine also causes the release of the neurotransmitter nor epinephrine nor adrenaline , a chemical messenger that stimulates the autonomic nervous system.

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Both changes can lead to arrhythmias. Heart attacks in young people are rare. However, when they do occur, cocaine is frequently the cause. Cocaine is a highly addictive substance, and crack cocaine is substantially more addicting, as the drug is far more potent and is smoked. Users quickly develop a tolerance to crack cocaine, needing more of the substance to achieve the desired effects.

Drug Abuse Essay

Because the high from crack cocaine is so short-lived, users commonly smoke it repeatedly in order to sustain the high. This can lead to an even faster onset of addiction. Also, because crack cocaine works on the brain's system of reward and punishment, withdrawal symptoms occur when the drug's effects wear off. These symptoms can include depression, irritability, and extreme fatigue, anxiety, an intense craving for the drug, and sometimes even psychosis.

Users will often keep using crack cocaine simply to avoid the negative effects of withdrawal. Marijuana harms in many ways, and kids are the most vulnerable to its damaging effects. Use of the drug can lead to significant health, safety, social, and learning or behavioural problems, especially for young users. Making matters worse is the fact that the marijuana available today is more potent than ever. Short term effects of marijuana use include memory loss, distorted perception, trouble with thinking and problem solving, and anxiety.


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Students who use marijuana may find it hard to learn, thus jeopardizing their ability to achieve their full potential. Long term effects include reduced resistance to common illnesses colds, bronchitis, etc. Sleeping off a buzz, a common practice, can interfere with the sleep cycle, resulting in an increase in anxiety, jumpiness, and irritability the next day, and fatigue the day after that With evening use, marijuana has the same impact on sleep that alcohol has, throwing off the sleep cycle and impacting how a person feels for at least two additional days.

Marijuana suppresses neuronal activity in the hippocampus, resulting in problems with attention, memory, and concentration. There is increasing evidence that there is an impact to motivation following marijuana use. This could be due to the effect of THC in the body blocking the passage of nutrients through cells, the neuronal suppression in the hippocampus, or the decrease in energy accompanying the fatigue that follows night time use. Marijuana significantly increases heart rate, weakens the heart muscle, and affects blood pressure- the increase in heart rate can be a concern for someone already dealing with anxiety and particularly panic.


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College students often forget why they are supposed to be in school. Is the purpose of university life to party all the time or to get the most out of the learning environment? Substance abuse can seriously affect academic performance.

Alcohol Drug Addiction And Domestic Violence Abuse Social Work Essay

Aside from long-term addiction or possible emptying you bank account it can cause grades to plummet. Substance use affects you entire body, including your brain, in a variety of ways. Judgment is often the first attribute to be affected. You may find it difficult to make good decisions, to make them quickly or to be realistic when you make them. Most cases of abuse target children and women, and this causes trauma which may be irreversible even with treatment.

Abuse victims may develop poor impulse control, stress disorders, low self esteem, depression, drug abuse, fear, isolation, suicide and other undesirable traits. These effects have a negative bearing on children and mothers since they affect self-confidence and ability to meet life goals. Abused children may replicate abuse as adults, which lengthen the violence cycle. This paper will briefly evaluate domestic violence and drug abuse. Various aspects of both domestic violence and drug abuse will be explored.

These include reasons for domestic violence and drug abuse and interventions for prevention of the same. The relationship between domestic violence and drug abuse will also be discussed. The paper will prove that the two have a dual relationship and that domestic violence leads to drug abuse and vice verse. All discussed issues will be summarized at the end of the paper.

Domestic violence is prevalent in society today. In addition, over half of domestic violence cases are not reported. In most cases, assault was reported in family violence, with stalking, criminal harassment and threats being other forms of abuse committed. Generally, these statistics reveal that children and women suffer the largest proportion of abuse, with this being performed by men they are in relationships with. It is imperative that abuse is analyzed in further detail and prevention measures developed to stem this rising crime.